|Birth:||9 July 1870|
Norfolk, Virginia, USA
|Death:||16 February 1985|
|Age:||114 years, 222 days|
He is considered to have been the world's oldest person, the 55th oldest person of all time, the fourth-oldest verified man ever, the oldest verified man from the continental USA (though Emiliano Mercado del Toro was born in the US territory of Puerto Rico and lived to a greater age), the second-oldest American-born man ever, and the oldest black man ever.
On 4 September 2003, the Kestenbaum study confirmed his age of 114 years, 222 days.