The following is a list of known veterans of the First World War (28 July 1914 – 11 November 1918) who died in 2009 (5 veterans), 2010 (1 veteran), 2011 (2 veterans) and 2012 (1 veteran). WRAF member Florence Green, who died on 4 February 2012, was the last surviving veteran of any nation.

Veterans by country of service – 9 veterans

On 27 June 2006, the British Government approved a National Memorial Service at Westminster Abbey, to take place after the death of the last known World War I veteran from the United Kingdom. On 11 November 2009, despite the survival to that date of Claude Choules and Florence Green, the commemoration was held following the death of Harry Patch.[1] On 21 November 2006, the Canadian House of Commons approved a state funeral for the last World War I veteran to have served in the Canadian forces,[2] but this was declined by John Babcock.

Country served Name Born Died Notes
AUS FlagAUSRoss, John Campbell (Jack)01899-03-1111 March 189902009-06-033 June 2009 (110)Last Australian digger and the last veteran of any status to serve Australia in the conflict. Joined in early 1918 as wireless operator, but did not see action. Served in Home Guard in World War II. Australia's oldest person. Lived in Bendigo, Victoria.[3][4][5][6]
CAN FlagCANBabcock, John Henry Foster (Jack)01900-07-2323 July 190002010-02-1818 February 2010 (109)Last Canadian veteran. Declined state funeral. Joined in 1916. Served first in 146th, CEF, then transferred to Boys Battalion. Completed training in UK but did not see action due to age. Moved to US in 1924. Lived in Spokane, Washington.[7][8][9][10]
UK Flag UK Allingham, Henry William6 June 189618 July 2009 (113)Last airman. Served in the 12 Squadron RNAS (later RAF). Joined in 1915 as mechanic. Last veteran of the Battle of Jutland. World's oldest man and oldest ever British man. Oldest veteran ever to see action. Lived in Brighton, Sussex.[11][12][13]
UK Flag UK Choules, Claude Stanley01901-03-033 March 190102011-05-055 May 2011 (110)Last living combatant of World War I.[14] Last seaman. Last veteran who served in both World Wars. Last male veteran. Joined in 1916. Last witness to the German Naval surrender. Moved to Australia in 1926 and served with Royal Australian Navy in World War II Lived in Perth, Western Australia.[15][16][17][18]
UK Flag UK Green, Florence Beatrice01901-02-1919 February 190102012-02-044 February 2012 (110)Last veteran. Worked as a waitress in the Women's Royal Air Force.[19] Lived in North Lynn, Norfolk.[20]
UK Flag UK Hughes, Netherwood (Ned)01900-06-1212 June 190002009-04-044 April 2009 (108)Called up to the 51st Manchester Regiment in mid 1918 as truck driver. Did not see action as he was still in training. Lived in Accrington, Lancashire.[21][22]
UK Flag UK Patch, Henry John (Harry)17 June 189825 July 2009 (111)Last Tommy. Served in the British Army under the 7th Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. Last veteran to serve in trenches and to be wounded in action. Called up in 1916. Last survivor of Battle of Passchendaele. Fireman in World War II. Europe's oldest man upon death. Lived in Wells, Somerset.[23][24][25][26]
UK Flag UK Stone, William Frederick (Bill)01900-09-2323 September 190002009-01-1010 January 2009 (108)Joined Royal Navy in 1918. Did not see action as he was still in training, but was also a World War II veteran. Lived in Reading, Berkshire at the time of his death.[27][28]
USA FlagUSABuckles, Frank Woodruff01901-02-011 February 190102011-02-2727 February 2011 (110)United States Army 1st Fort Riley Casual Detachment Last American veteran. Joined in 1917. Ambulance driver near Western Front. Held prisoner in World War II as a civilian. Lived in Charles Town, West Virginia.[29][30][31]

Unverified World War I veterans – 4 veterans

Listed here are the veterans who were not verified as a World War I veteran.

Country served Name Born Died Notes
ITA Flag ITA Dal Santo, Sante8 September 190226 February 2009 (106)Claimed to have joined up in 1916 at the age of 14 as a "Digger" digging trenches and tunnels. Also served in World War II. Lived in Montecchio Precalcino.[32][33]
ITA Flag ITA Dozzi, Carlo25 January 190130 May 2009 (108)Claimed to have joined up in 1917 at the age of 16 as a "Digger" digging trenches and tunnels. Also served in World War II. Lived in Maniago.[34]
UK Flag UK Futcher, Harry01904-04-2121 April 190427 May 2010 (106)Claimed to have joined up in 1918 at the age of 14 as a bandsman in the British Army serving in Egypt during the First World War. Lived in Dorset, England.[35][36]
UK Flag UK Terrey, Douglas Edward (Doug)01903-06-2323 June 190326 June 2010 (107)Claimed to have joined up in 1917 as bicycle courier delivering messages in the Southampton Military District. Served in Home Guard in World War II. Lived in Southampton, Hampshire.[37][38]

World War I era veterans – 8 veterans

Listed here are those that joined the armed services after the Armistice date, but before the Treaty of Versailles was signed, or where there is debate on their join-date, or whose military service is sometimes viewed as outside the scope of "WWI", but are considered World War I-era veterans by the press or by their respective governments, or served in a related conflict.

Country served Name Born Died Notes
BRA FlagBRACardoso, Waldemar Levy01900-12-044 December 190013 May 2009 (108)Last Brazilian World War I-Era veteran, served in the Brazilian Army, joining in late 1918 but did not see action. Lieutenant Colonel in World War II. Last living Brazilian field marshal. Later lived in Rio de Janeiro.[39][40]
FIN FlagFINArvonen, Aarne Armas (Arska)01897-08-044 August 189702009-01-011 January 2009 (111)Red Guard veteran from the Finnish Civil War. Oldest Nordic person and Finland's oldest ever man. Last living Finn born in the 19th century. Lived in Järvenpää.[41][42][43]
FIN FlagFINNurminen, Lauri01906-09-099 September 190602009-02-2020 February 2009 (102)Last White Guard and possibly last Finnish Civil War veteran. Served in Ernst Linders Satakunta army group. Lived in Valkeakoski, Finland.[44]
FRA FlagFRAFelix Maximilian Rostaing01900-12-2727 December 190002009-12-3131 December 2009 (109)French World War I-Era veteran, served in the Franco-Turkish War. Re-enlisted in 1928 and served in China, Mali and Morocco. Lived in Capbreton, France.[45]
GER FlagGERFink, Helmut01901-03-1818 March 190102009-04-2727 April 2009 (108)Last German Revolution veteran and last German World War I-Era veteran, served in the Freikorps during the German Revolution of 1918-1919. Lived in Germany.
POL FlagPOLKowalski, Jozef01900-02-022 February 190002013-12-077 December 2013 (113)?Claimed to have been the oldest World War I era veteran, fought in the Polish-Russian War between 1919-21.
POL FlagPOLMeisel, Wilhelm01904-01-01190402009-01-012009 (105)Last Silesian Uprisings veteran, joined up in 1919 at the age of 15 and served for the Polish Army during the Silesian uprising until it ended in 1921. Lived in Poland.
POL FlagPOLImich, Alexander01903-01-01190302014-01-012014 (111)Last World War I-era veteran, fought in the Polish-Russian War (1919-21). Later emigrated to the United States. Died on June 8, 2014 in New York, as the validated GWR-World's Oldest Man.
USA FlagUSARex, Robley Henry01901-05-022 May 190102009-04-2828 April 2009 (107)Last American World War I-era veteran, Joined 5th Infantry Division in May 1919. Later moved to 28th Infantry. Served in Intelligence Unit. Lived in Louisville, Kentucky.[46][47][48]

Totals – 20 veterans

  • Verified veterans – 9
  • Unverified veterans – 4
  • World War I-Era veterans – 8

See also


  1. "Last WWI veteran to be honoured". BBC News. 2006-06-27. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  2. "First World War veterans don't want state funeral". CBC News. 2007-01-02. Retrieved 2007-02-05. 
  3. "Last Aussie digger to fight in WWI dies". The Age. 2005-10-18. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  4. Turnbull, Jeff (2008-03-11). "Oldest Digger celebrates turning 109".,23599,23358515-2,00.html. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  5. "Australia's oldest man Jack Ross dies aged 110". 2009-06-03. Retrieved 2009-06-03. 
  6. "Australia's oldest man, 110, dies". BBC News. 2009-06-03. Retrieved 2009-06-03. 
  7. "Oldest Canadian World War I veteran dies". WKOW. 2010-02-18. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  8. "Canada's last WW I veteran dies". CBC News. 2010-02-19. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  9. Elliot, Ian (2010-02-19). "Last World War I vet Babcock dies at 109". The Kingston Whig Standard. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  10. Geranios, Nicholas K (2010-02-20). "John Babcock, 108; Canada’s last known veteran of WWI". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2010-04-01. 
  11. Smith, David (2006-10-29). "Great War foes embrace as friends". The Observer.,,1934438,00.html?gusrc=rss&feed=11. Retrieved 2007-01-22. 
  12. Mccaffrey, Julie (2006-10-30). "Old Enemies.. New Friends". Retrieved 2007-01-22. 
  13. "Oldest WWI veteran dies aged 113". BBC News. 2009-07-18. Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  14. Choules, Claude The Last of the Last Mainstream Publishing pg 11 (introduction) & pg 61
  15. "Veteran, 107, is last man to serve in both world wars". Worcester News. 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  16. Booth, Gary (2002-05-13). "500 km by bike to demolish Albany". Navy News. Retrieved 2007-07-06. 
  17. Claude, 108 ... last of the WW1 heroes
  18. Agence France-Presse (27 July 2009). "Claude Choules says WWI was 'boring'". The Australian. Retrieved 2009-08-02. Mr Choules was informed by his 80-year-old daughter Anne Pow over the weekend that the death of 111-year-old Harry Patch, Britain's last soldier who fought in the Great War's infamous trenches, had made him the country's sole survivor. 
  19. "Last WWI combat veteran Claude Choules dies aged 110". BBC News. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
  20. "Norfolk first world war veteran dies aged 110". Eastern Daily Press. 7 February 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
  21. Kenyon, Lisa (2008-06-20). "Old Ned's still in top gear for his 108th milestone". Accrington Observer. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 
  22. Bingham, John (2008-11-20). "'New' First World War veteran comes to light through internet". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 
  23. "WWI veteran celebrates 108 years". BBC Online News. 2006-10-30. Retrieved 2007-01-22. 
  24. "Veteran, 109, revisits WWI trench". BBC Online News. 2007-07-29. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  25. Patch, Harry; van Emden, Richard (2007). The Last Fighting Tommy. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-0-7475-9115-3. 
  26. WWI veteran Patch dies aged 111
  27. Stone, Bill (2009-01-11). "Naval and Other Memories of William Frederick Stone". H.M.S. Hood Association. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  28. BBC News (2009-01-29). "Funeral of World War I veteran". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-01-29. 
  29. "Oldest Living Heroes Remembered". CBS News. 2006-11-11. Retrieved 2007-01-22. 
  30. Reynolds, Dean, and Stuart, Elizabeth (2006-12-02). "Last WWI Veterans Get Their Due". ABC News. Retrieved 2007-01-22. 
  31. Courson, Paul (2011-02-28). "Last living U.S. World War I veteran dies". CNN. Retrieved 2011-02-28. 
  32. "Alpino Sante Dal Santo – il vecio dei veci" (in Italian). Mett Ivia. 2008-05-08. Retrieved 2009-01-26.  Template:Dead link
  33. Arbori, Giuseppe. "Sante dal Santo – Classe 1902" (in Italian). Ana Vicenza. Retrieved 2009-01-26.  Template:Dead link
  34. "Name "v3_s2ew_CONSULTAZIONE.mostra_pagina?id_pagina=373 "CARLO DOZZI" MANIAGO&hl=it&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=it" is longer than 30 chars" (in Italian). Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  35. "East Dorset man celebrates 106th birthday". Daily Echo. 2010-04-21. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  36. Obituary of Harry Futcher
  37. "Army remembers old soldier Doug". Southern Daily Echo. 2003-06-27. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  38. "105th birthday – Mr Douglas Terrey". Marchwood Parish Council. 2008-09-28. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  39. Lacerda Ramalho, Henrique. "Waldemar Levy Cardoso" (in Portuguese). Rivkah. Retrieved 2009-01-16. 
  40. Cohen, Vivianne. "Testemunhas do Seculo" (in Portuguese). Terra. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  41. Seppälä, Anu (1999-12-24). "Arska, entering his third century and NOT "growing old gracefully"". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  42. Kauppinen, Perttu (2002-08-06). "At age 105, Aarne Arvonen still knows how to enjoy life". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  43. HS, STT (2009-01-16). "Suomen viimeinen 1800-luvulla syntynyt kuoli". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  44. Koikkalainen, Olli (2009-03-05). "The last freedom fighter buried with pine sword". Valkeakoski Sanomat. Retrieved 2010-04-08. 
  45. "Felix ROSTAING - Un poilu d'Orient décédé le 31/12/2009" (in French). Pages 14-18 Forum. 2010-02-24. Retrieved 2015-06-12. 
  46. Stapleton, Ellen R. (2003-11-09). "Ky.'s oldest veteran, 102, still devoted to service". The Enquirer. Retrieved 2007-01-22. 
  47. Senator McConnell, Mitch (2008-05-12). "Honouring Robley Rex". Govtrack. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  48. Shafer, Sheldon S. and Burba, Paula (2009-04-28). "Robley Rex, WWI-era vet, dies at age 107". The Courier Journal. Retrieved 2009-04-29. 
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