Draga Matkovic on her 100th birthday in 2007
|Birth:||4 November 1907|
Zagreb, Austria-Hungary (present-day Croatia)
|Death:||29 July 2013|
|Age:||105 years, 267 days|
Draga Matkovic [German: Matković] (also known as Draga Matković-von Auerhann; 4 November 1907 – 29 July 2013) was a Croatian-born German centenarian who was the oldest living and still practising concert pianist in the world at time of her death.
Matkovic was born in Zagreb, Austria-Hungary (present-day Croatia) on 4 November 1907. She received her first piano lessons at the age of three from her strict adoptive mother, Sidonie Linke (also a pianist) in Aussig (Bohemia) and gave her first public concert in Terezin, then Theresienstadt. With special permission from the government, she was admitted at age 15 to the German Music Academy of Prague and qualified aged 19 with the title of "professor of piano". She also took violin and singing lessons. In 1926, she first toured as a piano soloist to Poland, and later to other 16 European countries. After her marriage to the violinist Arthur Arnold (from 1937 to 1942), she moved to Teplice (formally Teplitz-Schonau) in Bohemia where she was very successful as a chamber musician and with orchestral concerts.
Just after the war began, her conductor was imprisoned because Matković performed a concerto by Felix Mendelssohn, whose music was prohibited as non-Aryan. In 1945, following her displacement from the Sudetenland, Matkovic found a new home in Bad Reichenhall, Bavaria, where she died.
Matkovic proved her talent not only on the piano but as well occasionally on saxophone, as a conductor, and composer of several music pieces and an operetta (Golden Stars); this libretto was lost during the war. Her favourite composers are Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Chopin, Liszt, Raff, Grieg and all Nordic and Slavic composers. She practised as a music teacher up to the age of 95 mainly in the area of Berchtesgaden in Bavaria. She still performed classical piano music to an incredibly high level, as can be heard on the music samples attached. Her favourite instrument was a Blüthner piano. She gave a public piano performance on her 100th birthday, 4 November 2007, in Bayerisch Gmain near Bad Reichenhall, Bavaria. She played (among others) the "Polka de la Reine" by Joachim Raff, the Impromptu, Op. 28 by Hugo Reinhold, and pieces by Chopin, Liszt and Mendelssohn.
On her 102nd birthday in 2009, she performed her own composition "Tarantella" from 1927, which was not published before, as well as the Valse brillante, Op. 34, No. 1, of Moritz Moszkowski. (see YouTube links below).
Matkovic died in Bavaria, Germany on 29 July 2013 at the age of 105 years, 267 days.
- Draga Matković im Alter von 105 Jahren gestorben Domus Mea, 9 August 2013
- Draga Matkovic plays the "Rondo capriccioso" of Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy on her 100th birthday likuni (YouTube), 22 December 2007
- Draga Matkovic plays the "Liebestraum" of Franz Listz on her 100th birthday likuni (YouTube), 22 December 2007
- Draga Matkovic plays the Impromptu op. 28 of Hugo Reinhold on her 100th birthday likuni (YouTube), 22 December 2007
- Draga Matkovic plays her own Tarantella composition from 1927 at her old people´s home in Bayerisch Gmain, Bavaria, Germany on her 102nd birthday likuni (YouTube), 11 November 2009
- Draga Matkovic plays the Valse brillante Op. 34 Nr. 1 of Moritz Moszkowski on her 102nd birthday likuni (YouTube), 12 November 2009